Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga National Park, which lies on the south bank of the Brahmaputra River in Assam, India, was a UNESCO World Heritage Site from 1985 onwards.

Facts about Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga is located some 60 miles (100 kilometres) west of Jorhat on the major route to Guwahati district in the Assam state of northeastern India.

The park was constituted as a restricted forest in 1908. After that, it was declared a game (1916) and wildlife (1950) sanctuary until being established as a national park in 1974.

The park is 165 square miles (430 square kilometres) in size and is located between the Brahmaputra River and the Karbi (Mikir) Hills. Large lakes rimmed with reeds, areas of elephant grass, scattered trees, and thickets make up the majority of the park.


66% of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses live in this reserve. Rhinoceros Unicornis, the world’s biggest population of giant Indian one-horned rhinoceroses, is found here.

Animals found in Kaziranga National Park

Tigers, leopards, panthers, bears, elephants, wild hogs, hog deer, swamp deer, buffalo, and pelicans, storks, and other waterfowl may all be found in the park.

Flooding inundates most of the park on a regular basis, killing many animals; the terrain around the river is particularly prone to erosion. These occurrences have had a significant role in the decline of animal populations over time.

At Kohra, near the southern border, guest homes are located above the main road. At rare times when the sky is clear, it provides a panoramic vista of the Himalayas. From elephant rides to seeing animals in the swampland, there are numerous low watchtowers.


Kaziranga National Park is famous for

In the March 2015 census, there were 2,401 rhinos in Kaziranga National Park. There are 1,651 adult rhinos (663 males, 802 females, 186 undecided), 294 subadults (90 males, 114 females, 90 undecided), 251 youngsters, and 205 cubs.

Kaziranga Tiger Reserve was established in 2006 and has the world’s greatest tiger density among protected regions. Elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer all have high breeding numbers in the park.

Bird Life International has designated Kaziranga as an Important Bird Area for the conservation of avifaunal species. When compared to other wildlife protected areas in India, Kaziranga has made a significant contribution to wildlife conservation.

Where is Kaziranga National Park

The park, which is located on the outskirts of the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot, offers a high level of species richness as well as outstanding visibility.


Kaziranga National Park is 40 kilometres long from east to west and 13 kilometres wide from north to south. Kaziranga is 378 square kilometres in size, with 51.14 square kilometres lost to erosion in recent years.

A total of 429 sq km along the park’s current perimeter has been added and classified as a separate national park to provide additional habitat for expanding wildlife populations or as a corridor for safe animal migration to the Karbi Anglong Hills. The elevation varies between 131 and 262 feet.

Kaziranga National Park Essay

The Brahmaputra River runs around the park’s perimeter. The Mora Diphlu defines the southern boundary, as well as the northern and eastern boundaries.

The Diphlu and Mora Dhansiri are two more noteworthy rivers in the park. The River Brahmaputra has eroded and deposited silt, resulting in flat areas of lush, alluvial soil in Kaziranga.


The environment is made up of exposed sandbars and beels, which are riverine flood-formed lakes. These high sections, known as chapories, account for 5% of the surface area.

During floods, it offers refuge and shelter for animals. The Indian Army assisted in the construction of many artificial chapories, i.e., riverine islands and tracts, to assure the protection of the animals.

In the Sub-Himalayan belt, Kaziranga is one of the largest protected areas. It has been designated as a biodiversity hotspot due to the abundance of very varied and conspicuous species.

The park is in the Indomalaya ecozone, and the Brahmaputra Valley is the region’s primary biome. Semi-evergreen woodlands and a regularly flooded variety of the Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands of the tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biomes.


In addition, Kaziranga is flanked by beautiful green tea farms. The majority of them make significant contributions to Assam’s economy. For many species of large cats, such as Bengal tigers and leopards, Kaziranga is one of the few natural breeding places outside of Africa.

Kaziranga was designated as a Tiger Reserve in 2006 and has the world’s greatest tiger density, with one tiger every five square kilometres, according to the most recent census. Jungle cats, fishing cats, and leopard cats are among the felids.

The rare hispid hare, Indian grey mongoose, little Indian mongooses, giant Indian civet, small Indian civets, Bengal fox, golden jackal, sloth bear, Chinese pangolin, Indian pangolins, hog badgers, Chinese ferret badgers, and particolored flying squirrel are only a few examples of small mammals.

The park is home to nine of India’s 14 primate species. The Assamese macaque, capped and golden langur, and the hoolock gibbon, India’s solitary ape, are among the most prominent.


The endangered Ganges dolphin lives in Kaziranga’s rivers. According to the IUCN Red List, Kaziranga has large breeding populations of 35 animal species, 15 of which are vulnerable.

The park is home to the world’s greatest populations of Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros (1,855), wild Asiatic water buffalo (1,666), and eastern swamp deer (eastern swamp deer) (468).

Elephants (1,940), gaur (30), and sambar are among the large herbivores with significant populations (58). The Indian muntjac, wild boar, and hog deer are small herbivores.

Kaziranga boasts the world’s largest population of wild water buffalo. It accounts for roughly 57% of the world’s total. Birdlife International has designated Kaziranga as an Important Bird Area.


Migratory birds, aquatic birds, predators, scavengers, and game birds all call it home. During the winter, Central Asian birds such as the lesser white-fronted goose, ferruginous duck, Baer’s pochard duck, lesser adjutant, greater adjutant, black-necked stork, and Asian openbill stork migrate to the park.

Blyth’s kingfisher, white-bellied heron, Dalmatian pelican, spot-billed pelican, Nordmann’s greenshank, and black-bellied tern are among the riverine birds. The eastern imperial, larger spotted, white-tailed, Pallas’s fish eagle, grey-headed fish eagle, and lesser kestrel are all rare birds of prey.

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The vulture population at Kaziranga was previously home to seven species of vultures, but it was nearly wiped off by feeding on animal carcasses containing the narcotic diclofenac. Only three species of vulture have survived: the Indian vulture, slender-billed vulture, and the Indian white-rumped vulture.

Game birds include swamp francolins, Bengal floricans, and pale-capped pigeons. Kaziranga is home to the big Indian hornbill and the wreathed hornbill. Old World babblers such as Jerdon’s and marsh babblers, weaver birds such as the common baya weaver and endangered Finn’s weavers, thrushes such as Hodgson’s bushchat, and Old World warblers such as the bristling grassbird. The black-breasted parrotbill and the rufous-vented prinia are two other vulnerable species.


This park is home to two of the world’s largest snakes, the reticulated python and rock python, as well as the world’s longest venomous snake, the king cobra. The Indian cobra, the monocled cobra, Russell’s viper, and the common krait are among the other snakes found here.

The Bengal monitor and the Asian water monitor are two monitor lizard species present in the park. There are fifteen different turtle species, including the endemic Assam roofed turtle, and one tortoise species, the brown tortoise. The Tetraodon is one of 42 fish species identified in the area.
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Author: Amitava Ray
I'm a photographer (1979) and a blogger (2006). My future photography and blogging endeavors are contingent on the success of Whizzed Net.