Roman Colosseum

The Colosseum is an oval amphitheatre in Rome, Italy, near the Roman Forum. Despite its age, it is the world’s largest standing amphitheatre.  It goes without saying that the Colosseum in Rome, Italy, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is well-known throughout the world.

Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura. Further sites were added to the registry in 1990 after it was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980.

Roman Colosseum facts

The Colosseum is a Roman amphitheatre erected during the reign of the Flavian emperors in Rome. The Flavian Amphitheatre is another name for the structure. It is an oval edifice built of stone, concrete, and tuff that reaches four stories high at its peak. It measures 620 by 513 feet (189 by 156 meters) and can accommodate up to 50,000 people. Gladiatorial fights took place at the Colosseum in Rome.

When was the Colosseum built

The Colosseum of Rome is a massive amphitheatre erected by the Flavian emperors in Rome. The Flavian Amphitheatre is another name for the structure. During the reign of Vespasian, the Colosseum was built between 70 and 72 CE. On the grounds of what was originally Nero’s Golden House, it is located immediately east of the Palatine Hill.

The artificial lake at the center of the palace complex was drained, and the Colosseum was built there, a symbolic as well as practical move. Vespasian, who rose from lowly origins to the throne, elected to replace the previous emperor’s private lake with a public amphitheatre that could accommodate tens of thousands of Romans.

Titus consecrated the edifice in 80 CE in a celebration that lasted 100 days and included 100 games. Domitian finished the job in 82 CE by adding the top storey.

The Colosseum of Rome

Unlike older amphitheatres, which were almost all dug into handy hillside locations for added stability. The Colosseum is a freestanding stone and concrete edifice. The overall dimensions are 620 by 513 feet (189 by 156 meters), with a complicated system of barrel vaults and groin vaults.

Three of the arena’s storeys are ringed by arcades with engaged Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian columns on the façade. The assembly of orders, a Renaissance codification, was based on the structure’s rising arrangement of columns.

Travertine is used for the main structural framework and the facade. The inner bowl and arcade vaults are made of concrete, while the secondary walls are made of volcanic tufa.

50,000 spectators were seated in the amphitheatre, which was shaded from the sun by a giant retractable velarium (awning). Hundreds of Roman sailors were required to handle the gear that extended and retracted the velarium, which was supported by corbels placed into the Colosseum’s top, or attic, story.

Ancient Rome Colosseum

Thousands of gladiator battles took place at the Colosseum. There are competitions between men and animals, as well as many larger battles, such as simulated naval battles. However, it is unknown whether the arena was the location of early Christian martyrs.

The Frangipane and the Annibaldi, two prominent Roman families, used the Colosseum as a church and then as a fortification during medieval times. The Colosseum was extensively destroyed by lightning and earthquakes, as well as vandalism and pollution.

For more than 1,000 years, the Colosseum of Rome was utilized as a quarry, and all of the marble seats and other artifacts vanished. The restoration of the Colosseum began in earnest in the 1990s, with major efforts headed by Pius VIII.

It has long been a popular tourist destination in Rome, attracting about seven million people each year. Various exhibitions connected to ancient Rome’s culture are mounted on a regular basis.

Leave a Comment