The ancient Maya city of Calakmul and the surrounding protected tropical forests are located in the state of Campeche, Mexico. Calakmul ruins are renowned for their historical significance as a major Maya city and their ecological importance as a protected forest area. Calakmul was one of the most powerful and significant ancient Maya cities during the Classic period. It was a major center of political, economic, and religious activity within the Maya civilization. The city is known for its impressive architectural structures, including temples, pyramids, palaces, and ball courts. One of the most notable features of Calakmul is its monumental architecture, particularly Structure II, which is one of the tallest pyramids in the Maya world. The Calakmul Biosphere Reserve, which surrounds the ancient city, is one of the largest protected tropical forest areas in Mexico. The reserve is home to diverse flora and fauna, including various species of mammals, birds, reptiles, and plants. It’s considered a critical habitat for biodiversity in the region and plays a crucial role in maintaining the health of the ecosystem.