Amitava Ray

Amitava Ray

I'm a photographer (1979), a blogger (2006), and a reference article's author on Wikipedia, enhancing your next assignment with illustrated knowledge before moving on.

Black-hooded Oriole

Black-hooded Oriole R3086 ইষ্টিকুটুম বেনেবউ
The black-hooded oriole (Oriolus xanthornus) is a member of the oriole family of passerine birds and is a permanent resident breeder across tropical southern Asia, spanning from India and Sri Lanka to Indonesia. This bird predominantly inhabits open woodlands and cultivated areas. Their nests are intricately woven into trees and typically contain two eggs. Their diet mainly comprises insects and fruits, with figs being a particular favorite, often found in the treetop canopies where they spend a significant portion of their time. The male black-hooded oriole is visually striking, boasting the typical black and yellow oriole coloration. Its plumage is primarily yellow, featuring a solid black hood as well as black markings on the wings and tail center. In contrast, the female black-hooded oriole is less vibrant, displaying greenish underparts but retaining the distinctive black hood. Juvenile birds resemble the female but possess dark streaks on the underparts, and their hood is not entirely black, particularly on the throat. This black head serves as a clear distinction from the Indian golden oriole, which visits northern India during the summer months. Here are some key details about the black-hooded oriole:

Indian Pond Heron

Indian Pond Heron Image: R2811
The Indian pond heron, scientifically known as Ardeola grayii, is a petite heron species with origins in the Old World, spanning Africa, Europe, and Asia within the Eastern Hemisphere. These birds breed in regions extending from southern Iran to the Indian subcontinent, Burma, and Sri Lanka. Despite their widespread presence, they can be inconspicuous as they hunt for prey along the edges of small water bodies or roost near human settlements. Indian pond herons exhibit a stocky build with short necks, stout bills, and buff-brown backs. During the breeding season, adults develop long neck feathers, further altering their appearance. They bear a strong resemblance to squacco herons but possess darker backs. In the eastern parts of their range, they are succeeded by Chinese pond herons. Here is an overview of the Indian pond heron:

Independence Hall Historical Facts

Philadelphia Independence Hall Historical Facts
Independence Hall, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is an iconic historical building with immense significance in American history and a symbol of American democracy. It holds a central place in U.S. history as the birthplace of the nation. It stands as a testament to the enduring principles of liberty, democracy, and independence upon which the United States was founded. It continues to attract visitors from around the world who seek to connect with the nation’s history and values. It was designed by Edmund Woolley and Andrew Hamilton. The building served as the meeting place for the Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly. The Assembly Room within Independence Hall played a crucial role in American history, serving as a meeting place for significant events. Here is a detailed history of Independence Hall:

Asian Koel Bird

Asian Koel : Indian Bird
The Asian Koel belongs to the order of cuckoo birds known as Cuculiformes. Its habitat includes the Indian Subcontinent, China, and Southeast Asia. Taxonomically, it shares a close relationship with black-billed koels and Pacific koels, often regarded as subspecies within the same superspecies. Unlike many of its cuckoo relatives, the Asian koel is a brood parasite, depositing its eggs in the nests of crows and other host birds that care for its offspring. A distinctive feature is their preference for a mostly fruit-based diet during adulthood. The term “koel” is onomatopoeic, with variations in different languages. This bird holds significant symbolism in Indian and Nepali poetry. The Asian Koel, scientifically known as Eudynamys scolopaceus, is a distinctive and fascinating bird species known for its melodious calls and unique behaviors. Here is some information about the Asian Koel:

Great Cormorant

Great Cormorant Bird
The great cormorant, scientifically identified as Phalacrocorax carbo, is a prominent aquatic bird belonging to the Phalacrocoracidae family. Known by various names, such as the black shag or kawau in New Zealand, the great black cormorant in the Northern Hemisphere, the black cormorant in Australia, and the large cormorant in India, this species is widely distributed among the seabirds in the cormorant family. The great cormorant is an abundant and widely distributed bird species. Its habitat includes marine environments, estuaries, as well as freshwater lakes and rivers. Northern populations engage in migratory movements, relocating to southern regions during the winter months, provided there is ample fish supply along the coastline. In essence, the great cormorant is a versatile bird species with a substantial presence across diverse geographical regions. Its feeding habits and migratory patterns make it a remarkable subject of study and observation for bird enthusiasts and researchers. Here is an overview of the great cormorant:

Rose-ringed Parakeet, aka Ringneck Parrot

Rose-ringed Parakeet R1429
The Rose-ringed Parakeet, alternatively known as the ringneck parrot in aviculture or the Kramer parrot, is a medium-sized parrot belonging to the Psittacula genus within the Psittacidae family. Its natural habitat is fragmented, spanning regions in both Africa and the Indian Subcontinent. The rose-ringed parakeet, scientifically known as Psittacula krameri, is a colorful and charismatic bird species known for its vibrant plumage and distinctive ring around its neck. Notably, it has been introduced to various other parts of the world, where feral populations have established themselves, often driven by the exotic pet trade. This parrot species stands out as one of the few that have successfully adapted to disrupted habitats, withstanding the challenges posed by urbanization and deforestation. Due to its popularity as a pet, escaped individuals have formed colonies in numerous cities globally, including regions in Northern and Western Europe. Here is some information about the rose-ringed parakeet:

History of Vatican City

Basilica San Pietro: History of Vatican City
The history of Vatican City is a long and complex one, closely intertwined with the history of the Roman Catholic Church and the city of Rome itself. Vatican City, with its historical and cultural significance, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and attracts millions of visitors from around the world annually. Today, Vatican City remains a unique entity, combining its religious and spiritual significance with its status as the world's smallest independent state. It is not only the spiritual heart of the Catholic Church but also a center for art, culture, and international diplomacy. Vatican City, officially known as the Vatican City State, is a sovereign city-state enclave within the city of Rome, Italy. It is the spiritual and administrative center of the Roman Catholic Church and serves as the residence of the Pope, the leader of the Catholic Church. Here's a detailed overview of the history of Vatican City:

Everglades National Park Things to Do

Florida Panther Photo: Everglades National Park things to do
Everglades National Park, located in southern Florida, is a unique and ecologically significant natural area known for its diverse ecosystems, wildlife, and wetlands. The park serves as a vital breeding ground for tropical wading birds in North America and hosts the largest mangrove ecosystem in the Western Hemisphere. It is home to 36 threatened or protected species, including the Florida panther, American crocodile, and West Indian manatee, as well as a diverse array of 350 bird species, 300 types of freshwater and saltwater fish, 40 mammal species, and 50 reptile species. Moreover, Everglades National Park plays a pivotal role in recharging South Florida’s freshwater supply, stored in the Biscayne Aquifer. Human habitation in and around the Everglades dates back thousands of years. However, plans emerged in 1882 to drain the wetlands for agricultural and residential development. Throughout the 20th century, efforts to control and divert water from Lake Okeechobee to support urban expansion in the Miami metropolitan area escalated. The following list of 25 things to do in Everglades National Park is more thorough.

Everglades National Park Facts

Florida Manatee, Everglades National Park
Everglades National Park, situated in Florida, safeguards the southern portion of the original Everglades, comprising the largest tropical wilderness in the United States and the most extensive wilderness east of the Mississippi River. The park, drawing an annual average of one million visitors, ranks as the third-largest national park in the contiguous United States, following Death Valley and Yellowstone. While many national parks safeguard unique geographic features, Everglades National Park holds the distinction of being the first national park established primarily to protect a delicate and interconnected ecosystem. The Everglades consist of wetlands and forests nourished by a river that flows at an exceptionally slow pace of 0.25 miles (0.40 kilometers) per day from Lake Okeechobee to Florida Bay. Everglades National Park in Florida is a unique and ecologically important natural area. To provide a clearer and more structured overview of the park, here are some interesting facts about Everglades National Park:

Facts about Grand Canyon National Park

Facts about Grand Canyon National Park, South Rim
Grand Canyon National Park, located in Arizona, is one of the most iconic and breathtaking natural wonders in the United States. The park is not only a geological marvel but also a place of immense beauty and natural diversity. Whether you're admiring the vistas from the rim, exploring the depths of the canyon, or engaging in outdoor adventures, the Grand Canyon offers an unforgettable experience for all who visit. Over millions of years, the Colorado River has carved the canyon, revealing more than 2 billion years of Earth's geological history in its exposed rock layers and formations that tell the story of the planet's evolution. Within the park, diverse landscapes include high cliffs, fields, deserts, forests, cinder cones, magma streams, rivers, waterfalls, and a pristine whitewater river. It showcases how different landscapes evolved at various elevations as the Colorado River carved deeper into the canyon. Here is an overview of Grand Canyon National Park:

Statue of Liberty Facts and History

Statue of Liberty New York State, USA
The Statue of Liberty, an iconic symbol of freedom, stands proudly on Liberty Island at the entrance to New York Harbor in the United States. This colossal statue is made of thin copper sheets, carefully shaped over a sturdy steel framework. It was a remarkable gift from France, given on the occasion of the United States’ centennial celebration. Sculptor Frédéric Bartholdi, in collaboration with engineer Gustave Eiffel, crafted this masterpiece, which was considered a remarkable fusion of art and engineering, marking one of the most significant technical achievements of the 19th century. Perched atop its grand pedestal, designed by American architect Richard Morris Hunt, the Statue of Liberty has been a symbol of welcome for countless immigrants since its dedication in 1886. Following its dedication, the Statue of Liberty swiftly became an enduring icon of freedom and of the United States itself. It stands as a powerful symbol of hope and welcome, particularly for those arriving in the United States by sea, and serves as a reminder of the nation’s commitment to liberty and equality.

Historic Cairo Egypt

Cairo Citadel Mosque of Muhammad Ali Pasha at Historic Cairo in Egypt
Historic Cairo, often referred to as Islamic Cairo or Old Cairo, is a captivating district within Egypt’s capital city that holds centuries of history, culture, and architectural marvels. It is a living testament to the city’s rich past and showcases a blend of ancient and Islamic influences. Historic Cairo is a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its exceptional collection of monuments, buildings, and structures that reflect Egypt’s Islamic heritage. The district has been inhabited for over a thousand years and holds a treasure trove of historical and cultural significance. Some of the most iconic landmarks within Historic Cairo include the Al-Azhar Mosque, one of the world’s oldest universities; the Sultan Hassan Mosque, known for its stunning Mamluk architecture; and the beautiful Al-Rifa’i Mosque. In addition to Islamic influences, Historic Cairo is home to Coptic Cairo, which includes churches, monasteries, and the Coptic Museum. This area reflects the historical presence of Egypt’s Christian community.