Wildlife includes all plants, fungi, and other organisms that grow or live in the wild and can be found in all ecosystems. Wildlife can be found in deserts, forests, rain forests, plains, grasslands, and even the most developed urban areas. It usually means animals that haven’t been affected by humans. Wildlife in India is home to 60–70% of the world’s species and 7.6% of all mammals. 12,6% of species of birds, 6.2% of species of reptiles, and 6% of species of flowering plants.
Wildlife usually refers to wild animal species, but it has come to include all life forms that grow or live in the wild without being brought there by people. Wildlife was also the same as game, which meant birds and other animals that were hunted for fun. There is wildlife in all biological systems. Different types of wildlife live in deserts, forests, tropical jungles, fields, meadows, and other places, including the most developed urban areas.
Most people think of “wildlife” as animals that haven’t been touched by humans, but most researchers agree that many wild animals are affected by what people do. Some animals hurt people’s wildlife, safety, property, and personal happiness. Still, many wild animals, even the dangerous ones, have value to people. This value could be in the form of money, knowledge, or excitement.
People have tried to tell the difference between human progress and wildlife in many ways, such as legal, social, and moral ones. Still, a few animals have learned to live in the countryside. This includes animals like cats, dogs, mice, and rodents that have been trained. Some religions say that certain animals are sacred, and concern for the natural environment has led activists to fight against using wildlife for human benefit or entertainment.
Human activity, especially overuse, population growth, and intensive farming, have caused wildlife populations to drop by 68% since 1970. This is according to the 2020 World Wildlife Fund’s Living Planet Report and the Zoological Society of London’s Living Planet Index. Which is more evidence that people have set off a 6th mass extinction event. According to CITES, the global trade in wildlife is worth billions of dollars every year and affects a large number of animal and plant species.