Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal is a mausoleum of white marble, erected on the right bank of the Yamuna River in the district of Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India and was a UNESCO World Heritage Site from 1983 onwards.

Which Mughal Emperor built the Taj Mahal

The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan erected the Taj Mahal in honor of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who died in 1631. The Taj Mahal complex took 22 years to create, beginning in 1632.

A square garden space in the center is surrounded by two smaller, oblong parts, one of which contains the mausoleum and the other an entrance gateway.

The mausoleum is made of white marble with a semiprecious stone inlay. Two red sandstone structures stand on either side of it. It has a mosque on one side and an equivalent structure on the other for visual balance.

Where is Taj Mahal located

It is raised on a marble pedestal with a minaret at each corner. It features four facades that are identical. Each one features a large central arch that stands 108 feet (33 metres) tall and is topped by a bulbous double dome and four domed kiosks.

Taj Mahal inside is decorated with excellent and tasteful stonework. The marble tombs are housed in an octagonal chamber in the center. A perforated marble screen surrounds it, with sarcophagi beneath.

The Taj Mahal is regarded as one of the most beautiful structures in the world. Since the late 1990s, steps have been taken to mitigate air pollution that has harmed the building’s facade.

Its balanced proportions and smooth integration of decorative elements make it a The Taj Mahal is the most famous example of Mughal architecture, which combines Indian, Persian, and Islamic elements.

Other attractions include beautiful gardens, a museum, and twin mosque buildings positioned symmetrically on either side of the mausoleum.

The Taj Mahal, one of the world’s most stunning structural compositions, is also one of the world’s most recognizable landmarks, drawing millions of tourists each year.

Taj Mahal interesting facts

Various architects of the time have been credited with designing the complex. Ustad Ahmad Lahawri was most likely the mastermind behind the project. He was a Persian-Indian Indian.

The entrance gateway, garden, mosque, jawab (literally, answer), a building reflecting the mosque, and mausoleum are the five main parts of the compound (including its four minarets).

According to Mughal building practice, all of these were conceptualized and created as one organism. This meant that no more changes or additions could be made.

The construction began in about 1632 and required almost 20,000 laborers. Workers from India, Persia, the Ottoman Empire, and Europe were brought in to finish the mausoleum by 1638–39.

Taj Mahal History

By 1643, the adjunct structures were completed, and decorating work lasted until at least 1647. Construction of the 42-acre (17-hectare) complex took 22 years in total.

According to legend, Shah Jahan intended to construct another mausoleum across the river to store his own bones.

That structure was supposed to be made of black marble, and it was supposed to be connected to the Taj Mahal by a bridge. He was ousted by his son Aurangzeb in 1658 and imprisoned in Agra Fort for the rest of his life.

Information about Taj Mahal

The mausoleum itself, which stands 23 feet (7 metres) tall and is made of white marble, reflects different colors depending on the strength of sunlight or moonlight.

It has four virtually identical facades, each with a 108-foot (33-meter) central arch and chamfered (slanted) corners with smaller arches.

Four smaller domes surround the majestic central dome, which rises to a height of 240 feet (73 metres) at its tipp. Inside the main dome, the acoustics force a single flute note to resonate five times.

The mausoleum’s interior is designed around an octagonal marble chamber with low-relief decorations and semiprecious stones (pietra dura).

Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan’s cenotaphs are located there. A masterfully carved filigree marble curtain surrounds the faux tombs.

The genuine sarcophagi are beneath the graves, at garden level. Elegant minarets stand smoothly apart from the central edifice at each of the square plinth’s four corners.

What is Taj Mahal

Two symmetrically identical houses flank the mausoleum near the garden’s northern and northeastern ends, respectively. The east-facing mosque and the west-facing jawab create a pleasing aesthetic harmony.

They are made of red Sikri sandstone and have marble-necked domes and architraves, which contrast in color and texture with the white marble of the mausoleum.

The garden was designed in the Mughal style. A square featuring strolling walkways, fountains, and attractive trees is surrounded by long watercourses or pools.

The complex’s walls and structures enclose it. It creates a dramatic entrance to the tomb. It can be seen reflected in the center pools of the garden.

A large red sandstone entrance with a recessed central arch two stories high graces the complex’s southern end. Around the arch, black Quranic writing and floral images are inlaid into white marble paneling. Two pairs of lesser arches flank the main arch.

Matching rows of white chattris adorn the gateway’s northern and southern facades (chhattris; cupola-like structures). 11 on each facade, with slim ornate minarets rising to a height of 98 feet (30 metres). Octagonal towers with larger chattris atop each of the structure’s four corners.

Pietra dura and Arabic calligraphy are two prominent ornamental elements found throughout the building. Pietra dura (Italian: “hard stone”) is a Mughal technique that involves the inlay of semiprecious stones of various colors.

Lapis lazuli, jade, crystal, turquoise, and amethyst are included in highly formalized geometric and floral motifs. The colors help to balance out the white Makrana marble’s magnificent vastness.

Many portions of the Taj Mahal have Quranic verses written in calligraphy. Amanat Khan al-Shirazi was in charge of the project.

He was a significant figure in the Islamic artistic heritage. One of the inscriptions on the sandstone entryway, Daybreak (89:28–30), welcomes the faithful to enter paradise.

Calligraphy encircles the soaring arched doors to the mausoleum proper. The size of the letters increases in proportion to their height and distance from the observer. From the terrace’s vantage point, it ensures a consistent appearance.

What is Taj Mahal famous for

The Taj Mahal has been neglected and decayed for generations. Lord Curzon oversaw a comprehensive restoration at the beginning of the twentieth century. He was the British Viceroy of India at the time.

Air pollution from foundries and other neighboring companies, as well as exhaust from motor vehicles, has recently harmed the mausoleum, particularly its marble facade.

A number of steps have been taken to mitigate the monument’s threat. The closure of some foundries and the installation of pollution-control technology at others are among them.

The development of a parkland buffer zone around the complex, as well as the prohibition of automobile traffic in the area.

In 1998, a repair and research initiative for the Taj Mahal was launched. However, work in rehabilitating the monument’s surrounding environment has been modest. The Taj Mahal has been affected by India’s political turmoil on several occasions.

Between 1984 and 2004, night viewing was prohibited. It had been feared that Sikh militants might attack the monument. Furthermore, it has become increasingly recognized as an Indian cultural emblem.

Some Hindu nationalist parties have attempted to downplay the significance of Muslim influence on the Taj Mahal’s origins and construction.

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