Verona, Italy, City and Province of Verona, lies at the foot of the Lessini Mountains, 65 miles (105 km) west of Venice, and is half-encircled by the Adige River in the Veneto Region of Italy, and was a UNESCO World Heritage Site from 2000 onwards.
Verona Italy, includes:
Where is Verona
The city of Verona was founded by an ancient tribe, likely the Euganei or Raeti, and inhabited by the Gallic Cenomani later on.
It became a Roman colony in 89 BCE and grew in significance quickly due to its location at the crossroads of major roadways connecting Italy and northern Europe.
Catullus, the poet, was born there. The Ostrogoth king Theodoric (489), who invaded Verona, erected a castle on the location of today’s Castel San Pietro on the Adige River.
Under the Lombard rulers, the city remained significant. In 774, Charlemagne seized it and made it the home of his son Pippin and Berengar of Tours.
Verona Italy history
Verona was an autonomous commune from the early 12th century, and it suffered much during the early conflicts between the Guelfs (papal party) and the Ghibellines (imperial party), ultimately choosing the Guelfs.
The city grew peaceful and thrived under the Della Scala (Scaliger) dynasty after Mastino I, Della Scala became podesta (chief magistrate) in 1260, after it was ruled by the tyrant Ezzelino da Romano (1226–59).
Verona Italy Romeo and Juliet
Romeo Montague and Juliet Capulet traditionally loved and died under the reign of Bartolomeo Della Scala; their relationship is marked by the so-called Tomb of Juliet, Romeo’s House, and Juliet’s House.
Dante was protected by Bartolomeo’s brother, Cangrande I (died 1329), the most powerful member of the Della Scala family.
Verona Italy facts
Verona passed to Gian Galeazzo Visconti in 1387 and to Venice in 1405, who controlled it until 1797, when it was given to Austria by Napoleon I at the Treaty of Campo Formio, aside from its occupation by Emperor Maximilian I (1509–17).
The Quadruple Alliance’s last conference (Russia, Prussia, Austria, and the United Kingdom) was convened in Verona in 1822. The city was incorporated into the Kingdom of Italy in 1866.
It was heavily damaged during WWII but has subsequently been renovated. In terms of Roman ruins, Verona is one of the richest cities in northern Italy.
The amphitheater, or Arena, is the most notable of them. It is presently utilized for opera and is the third-largest remaining Roman amphitheater.
Historical events in Verona Italy
The Roman theatre, as well as the neighboring archaeological museum and two gates, date from the first century CE. The Arco Dei Gavi was built in the first century BCE and was restored in 1932.
Some Greek and Roman artifacts may be seen in the Lapidario Maffeiano Museum (1714). Verona is known for its extensive Romanesque and Gothic architecture, which is frequently constructed of a characteristic pink brick.
Fra Giocondo and Michele Sanmicheli, two prominent Renaissance architects, were both born in the city. The Romanesque San Zeno Maggiore, built in the 5th century and rebuilt in 1117–1227 with a brick and marble facade, a celebrated marble porch, and a triptych by the 14th-century painter Andrea Mantegna; and the Gothic Sant’Anastasia, built-in 1290 and completed in 1422–81, are two of the city’s most notable churches.
One of Europe’s oldest libraries is housed in the Romanesque-Gothic cathedral, which was renovated in the 15th century and has an Assumption by Titian, a 16th-century artist. San Fermo Maggiore, which consists of two 11th-century edifices, the higher of which was restored in 1313; SS.
City of Verona
Nazzaro and Celso, which were rebuilt in 1464–83; and San Giorgio in Braida, which was begun in 1477 and consecrated in 1536, and was largely planned by Sanmicheli. The Castelvecchio (now the Civic Museum in Verona) was built by Cangrande II in 1354; the Loggia del Consiglio (1493), attributed to Fra Giocondo; the Arche Scaligere, which includes the elaborate Scaliger tombs with Gothic canopies surmounted by equestrian statues; the Palazzo Della Ragione (1193; much altered); and the Ponte Scaligero (1354), which was rebuilt after being damaged in World War II.
Verona was also a well-known medieval painting center. The courtly fresco art of the 14th and 15th centuries climaxes with Antonio Pisanello’s (Pisano) masterpiece. In the 15th century, the influence of Vicenza’s Bartolommeo Montagna and his father-in-law, the Venetian Jacopo Bellini, coupled with that of Venice to affect the whole Veronese style.
The city’s best-known painter was Paolo Caliari (Paolo Veronese), a 15th-century artist who spent most of his working life in Venice, yet his Martyrdom of St. George survives in San Giorgio in Braida, Verona.
The city serves as a hub for rail and road connections from northern Italy to central Europe via the Brenner Pass; it is connected to Milan and Venice by rail and road, and it has airports in Boscomantico and Villafranca.
Verona is known for its grain market and yearly International Agricultural and Horse Fair, as well as shipping fruits and vegetables to central Europe since 1898.
Engineering, chemical, and paper industries, as well as sugar refining and diversified manufacturers, are also present. Handicraft industries like artistic furniture manufacturing and precious metal and marble work are thriving, while Verona’s historic wines (Amarone, Bardolino, Valpolicella, Soave, and Recioto) are well-known.
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