Tag Bihar

Bihar is a state in eastern India, with Patna as its capital. It is bounded to the west by Uttar Pradesh, to the north by Nepal, to the east by the northern part of West Bengal, and to the south by Jharkhand. The Ganges River, which flows from west to east, divides the Bihar plain.

Mahabodhi Temple Complex Bodhgaya

Mahabodhi Temple; Shakyamuni Mahabodhi D8486
The Mahabodhi Temple Complex, located in Bodh Gaya, Bihar, India, stands as a testament to the profound spiritual journey of Siddhartha Gautama, who, under the Bodhi Tree, attained enlightenment and became the Buddha. This sacred pilgrimage site is one of the most revered in the Buddhist world, drawing millions of devotees and visitors each year. Believed to have been initially constructed by Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE, the Mahabodhi Temple Complex underwent subsequent modifications and renovations by various dynasties, including the Guptas and the Pala rulers. The temple’s architectural style reflects classical Indian design, characterized by a towering spire, intricate carvings, and a central tower that soars into the sky. The temple complex also includes a meditation garden, shrines, and a sacred pond, creating a serene environment conducive to contemplation. The Mahabodhi Temple Complex was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2002, acknowledging its cultural and religious significance.

Ancient Nalanda University

Nalanda University Glories D1849
Nalanda University was one of the world’s first residential universities and a prominent center for learning and intellectual pursuits in ancient times. Its origins can be traced back to the Gupta period, around the 5th century CE, although it reached its zenith during the reign of the Palas in the 9th to 12th centuries. Founded by King Kumaragupta of the Gupta dynasty, Nalanda emerged as a renowned seat of learning, attracting scholars, students, and teachers from various parts of the world. It flourished as a Buddhist center of education and played a pivotal role in the development and dissemination of knowledge in fields such as philosophy, theology, logic, medicine, astronomy, and linguistics. The decline of Nalanda University began in the 12th century, with factors such as the Turkish invasions led by Bakhtiyar Khilji in 1193. The invading forces set fire to the university, destroying its magnificent structures and invaluable manuscripts.

Rajgir Bihar

Rajgir Shanti Stupa

Ancient Rajgir was the first capital of the kingdom of Magadha, a state that would eventually evolve into the Mauryan Empire. Its date of origin is unknown, although ceramics dating to about 1000 BC have been found in the city.…