Trier, formerly known as Augusta Treverorum during Roman times, is one of the oldest cities in Germany and boasts a rich history spanning over two millennia.
ShUM Sites of Speyer Worms Mainz which stand for the Hebrew initials, are UNESCO heritage sites that encompass three historic Jewish communities in Germany.
Speyer Cathedral, officially known as the Imperial Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption and St. Stephen, is one of the most significant examples of Romanesque architecture in Germany. The cathedral’s story begins with Konrad II, who, in the year 1030, transformed it into a basilica with a flat roof, a decision that would prove to be of great significance. In 1077, Henry IV struck a historic agreement with the Pope to rebuild the cathedral. This marked a pivotal moment in the cathedral’s history, as it became not only the first but also the largest church in Europe at the time. Its distinctive vaulted ceilings were a testament to the exceptional craftsmanship of the era. For nearly three centuries, Speyer Cathedral served as the final resting place for German kings and queens, making it a place of immense historical and cultural importance. Here is a brief history of Speyer Cathedral, along with some archaeological facts: