Speyer Cathedral is in southwestern Germany. It is a basilica with four spires and two arches. Konrad II made it a basilica with a flat roof in the year 1030. Most likely, it was the best thing he ever did. In 1077, Henry IV made a deal with the Pope to rebuild it. It was the first and biggest church in Europe with vaulted ceilings that always worked. German kings and queens were buried in the Cathedral for almost 300 years.
Speyer Cathedral, includes:
Speyer Cathedral is probably the most beautiful and well-made Romanesque building in all of Europe. It is the biggest and most important of the experiences it is linked to. During the Salian era, the Speyer Cathedral was the main rival of the Abbey of Cluny. It was a place of worship that could stand up to the church (1024–1125). It also showed that there were a lot of powerful people in the Salian era.
Speyer Cathedral is built in the same style as St. Michael of Hildesheim and uses a plan that was popular in the Rhineland as a whole. This is how it is set up because of the balance between the eastern and western squares and the even, single placement of the pinnacles, which frame the mass between the nave and the transept.
Change and growth were good things when Henry IV was in charge. Speyer Cathedral is the main building that showed that most buildings have tours that go all the way around the building. During these renovations, the arcades were put together in a way that had never been done before in the history of buildings.
Speyer Cathedral is different from other Romanesque churches in Germany because of its size and the amount of detail in its figures, some of which were made by Italian artists. It also influenced the ground plans and vaulting of other Romanesque churches in Germany.
After the Abbey of Cluny was destroyed, Speyer Cathedral is now the largest Romanesque church in the world. In the same way, its sepulcher, which was consecrated in 1041, is the Romanesque period’s largest basilica. In 1309, the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation freed at least eight middle-aged sovereigns and lords, from Konrad II to Albrecht of Habsburg.
In 1689, a real fire did damage to the cathedral. From 1772 to 1778, the west straights of the nave were rebuilt as an archeologically accurate copy of the original building. This is seen as one of the most impressive feats of landmark preservation in Europe.
Between 1854 and 1858, Heinrich Hübsch made changes to the west work based on the old buildings. This shows how Romanticism saw the Middle Ages and is a very independent achievement of the nineteenth century. King Ludwig I of Bavaria had the school of Johannes Schraudolph and Josef Schwarzmann paint the interior in the late Nazarene style between 1846 and 1853.
Speyer Cathedral Interior
Speyer Cathedral in Germany was added to the list of culturally important sites on the UNESCO World Heritage List in April 1981. The International Council on Monuments and Sites said that the cathedral of Speyer, along with those of Worms and Mayence (Mainz), is a major example of Romanesque art in the German Empire (ICOMOS).
It is the most important because it is the largest. ICOMOS says the building is important because it shows how ideas about restoration have changed in Germany and around the world since the 17th century. Because that is where the Salic emperors were buried.
Speyer Cathedral Architecture
- The whole length is 134 m (from the steps at the entrance to the exterior wall of the east apse).
- The outside width of the nave, including the aisles, is 37.62 m. (from exterior wall to exterior wall)
- The nave’s width is 14 meters.
- The highest point of the vault in the nave is 33 meters up.
- The eastern spires are 71.20 meters tall.
- The height of the western towers is 65.60 meters.
- Crypt 35 meters from east to west and 46 meters from north to south. Height: between 6.2 and 6.5 meters