Africa and its landmarks are the world’s second-largest continent, with the second-most people after Asia. It takes up about 6% of the total surface area of the Earth and 20% of its land area. About 16% of the world’s population lives there. After Asia, Africa is the second-largest and second-most-populated continent in the world. It takes up about 30.3 million km2, which is about 11.7 million square miles. This is about 20% of the land area and 6% of the earth’s total surface area. In 2021, about 18% of the world’s population, or 1.4 billion people, will live there.
People in Africa are the youngest of any continent. In 2012, the average age was 19.7, but it was 30.4 around the world. Africa is the poorest continent per person and the second poorest continent overall, after Oceania, even though it has a lot of natural resources. Many things, such as geography, climate, tribalism, colonialism, the Cold War, neocolonialism, a lack of democracy, and corruption, have been cited by academics.
Even though there isn’t a lot of money in one place, Africa has become an important economic market for the whole world because the economy has been growing and there are a lot of young people there. The Mediterranean Sea is in the north, the Suez Canal and the Red Sea are in the northeast, the Indian Ocean is in the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean is in the west. Madagascar and a lot of groups of islands called archipelagos are on this continent.
Africa has 54 sovereign countries that the rest of the world fully recognizes. It also has eight territories and two de facto independent entities that the rest of the world barely or not at all recognizes. Algeria is the biggest country in Africa in terms of land area, but Nigeria has more people. A group of African countries that work together is called the African Union. Its main office is in the city of Addis Abeba. The prime meridian and the equator meet in Africa. It is the only continent with both a temperate zone in the north and a temperate zone in the south.
A lot of countries and a big share of them are in the southern hemisphere. Most of the continent is in the tropics, but a big part of Western Sahara, Algeria, Libya, and Egypt, as well as the northern tip of Mauritania and the whole countries of Morocco, Ceuta, Melilla, and Tunisia, are above the tropic of Cancer in the northern temperate zone. On the other side of the continent, the southern temperate zone includes southern Namibia, southern Botswana, large parts of South Africa, all of Lesotho and Eswatini, and the southernmost parts of Mozambique and Madagascar.
Africa has the most megafauna species because it was least affected by the extinction of Pleistocene megafauna. But Africa also has a lot of environmental problems, such as desertification, deforestation, water shortages, and pollution. Because of how climate change is affecting Africa, these long-term environmental issues are likely to get worse. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change at the UN says that Africa is most affected by climate change