Glacier Bay National Park, includes:
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve
Glacier Parks in Alaska was proclaimed a national monument in 1925. In 1980, it was classified as a national park and preserve. The initial date of inscription was 1979, then extended in 1992 and again in 1994 by the World Heritage Committee, together with Kluane/Wrangell-St. Elias/Glacier Bay/Tatshenshini-Alsek.
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, which encompasses Glacier Bay, spans 5,129 square miles (13,287 square kilometers). Mount Fairweather’s northern, southern, and western slopes, at 15,300 feet (4,663 meters), and the Alsek River in the United States.
Tatshenshini-Alsek Wilderness Provincial Park in British Columbia, Canada, borders the park to the north. The park’s large tidewater glaciers are one of the park’s most remarkable characteristics.
Glacier Bay National Park History
Glacier Bay National Park is a highlight of Alaska’s Inside Passage and part of a 25-million-acre World Heritage Site—one of the world’s largest international protected areas—covering 3.3 million acres of steep mountains, active glaciers, subtropical rainforest, wild beaches, and deep, protected fjords can all be found in this region. Glacier Bay offers infinite chances for adventure and inspiration, from the sea to the summit.
Almost the entire Glacier Bay, a fjord, was covered by the Grand Pacific Glacier only 200 years ago. This glacier had a thickness of almost 4,000 feet (1,200 meters) and a width of more than 20 miles (32 kilometers). The ice has been retreating since then, and Glacier Bay has taken on its current shape, measuring 65 miles (105 kilometers) long.
As the original glacier shrank in size, it split into 20 pieces, 11 of which are tidewater glaciers that calve into the bay. Blocks of ice up to 200 feet (61 meters) high break away and fall into the water with immense power during the calving process.
Glacier Bay National Park Fact
Because of the number of ice chunks that break loose from its cliffs, the Johns Hopkins Glacier, for example, can only be approached by water from a distance of roughly 2 miles (3 km). The majority of park visitors arrive by cruise ship, which allows them to see the glaciers from the water.
The park features a diverse range of plant life, including vegetation that has returned to a region that has been buried in ice for a long time, as well as an unusual variety of fauna.
Glacial moraines are covered in mosses and lichens. Huge Sitka spruce and western hemlock can be found in the lush coastal rainforest, and alpine tundra can be found above 2,500 feet (760 metres).
Wolves, brown and black bears, mountain goats, deer, moose, eagles, trumpeter swans, and seals are among the wildlife. The park protects endangered humpback whales, formerly endangered American peregrine falcons, threatened Steller sea lions, and spectacled eiders, among other species. The park’s headquarters are at Gustavus, close to the bay’s mouth.