World Landmarks Wildlife

Indian Peafowl

The Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus), also called the Common peafowl or Blue Peafowl, is a type of peafowl that lives on the Indian subcontinent. Peacocks birds are the males, while peahens are the females. They are peafowl when they are all together.

What is a Peacock

A peacock, which is also called a peafowl, is any of three beautiful birds in the Phasianidae family (order Galliformes). The male is called a peacock, and the female is called a peahen. Both of these birds are called peafowl.

The bluer, or Indian Peacock (Pavo cristatus), which lives in India and Sri Lanka, and the green, or Javanese, peacock (P. muticus), which lives from Myanmar (Burma) to Java, are the two most easily recognizable types of peafowl. The Congo peacock, or Afropavo congensis, was discovered in 1936. It lives in the forests of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. When a single feather was found in 1913, the search for it began.

Peacock Height

Peafowl are some of the biggest flying birds. Emus, ostriches, and other big birds are bigger than chickens, but they can’t fly. The beautiful feathers on a peacock’s tail are 5 feet (1.5 meters) long, which is longer than the bird’s body, and come in a stunning range of colors. The bird’s back, not its tail, is where these long quills come from.

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He lifts them by pulling up on their much smaller tail feathers. Peahens are duller than their male partners, who usually have brown backs and white bellies. Females don’t have long tail feathers, but they do have a peak on their heads and green feathers on their necks.

Indian Peafowl Facts

The Indian peafowl lives in India and Sri Lanka, both of which are in South Asia. They have been seen in different countries, usually as shows in parks, zoos, and nature centers, or as homegrown pets. Adult peafowl have heads and bodies that are 3 to 4 feet long, and their tails can be 5 feet long.

The way men and women look isn’t always the same in Indian peafowl. The peacock’s beautiful blue peak is made up of quills that look like wires and end in spatula-shaped tips. It is best known for its long train, which is made up of beautiful eye spots on the upper tail feathers that stick out from the bird’s back.

During romance, these solid quills are made into fans and shaken in a glass case. Even though these disguised feathers are long and big, peacocks are not yet ready to fly. Peahens doesn’t have the train. Their faces are white, their lower necks are bright green, and their feathers are dull and brown.

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Where do Peacocks live

The Indian peafowl spend most of their time on the ground in open woods or along the coast. They look for berries and grains and also hunt snakes, lizards, and small rodents. Their loud calls make them easy to spot, and in wooded areas, they often let other animals know that a hunter like a tiger is nearby.

Indian Peafowl Habitat

Peacocks look for food on the ground in small groups. When they need to get away, they usually walk through the bushes instead of flying, but they do fly into tall trees to rest. Peacocks are larger birds, with a length from beak to tail of 100 to 115 cm (39 to 45 in) and a weight of 4–6 kg (8.8–13.2 lb) at the farthest point of a fully developed train.


The females, called peahens, are smaller. They are about 37 inches long and weigh between 2.75 kg and 4 kg (6.1–8.8 lb). The Indian peafowl is one of the largest and heaviest Phasianidae birds. Only the wild turkey, as far as we know, gets heavier. Even though the male of the Indian species has a longer tail than the male of the green species, the green peafowl is a bit lighter.

Their size, color, and state of peak make it clear that they belong in their local area. The crown of the male is metallic blue, and the feathers on its head are short and twisted.

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The top of the head is shaped like a fan, and the peak is made of dark plumes with pale blue-green webbing at the end. The white skin that isn’t covered makes a white stripe over the eye and a white patch in the shape of a sickle under the eye.

Indian Blue Peafowl

The quills on the sides of the head are a bright greenish blue color. On the back, there are bronze-green quills that are flaky and have dark and copper markings. The scapular and wings are brown with dark bars. The primary feathers are chestnut, while the secondary feathers are dark.

The tail is dark brown, and the “train” is made up of stretched upper tail coverts. It has more than 200 feathers, but the real tail only has 20. Almost all of these feathers end in a complicated eye-spot.

A few of the outside feathers don’t have the spot and end in a dark tip shaped like an arrow. The underside is a dull, bright green that hides a blackish color. The color of the thighs is buff. The male’s back leg has a spike over the back toe.

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Indian Peafowl Female

Peahens are the female Peacocks. The adult Peahen’s head is rufous-earthy in color and has a peak like the male’s, but the tips are chestnut with green edges. The area around the chest is tan with pale spots. The main wings, secondary wings, and tail are all dark brown.

The lower neck is shiny green, and the feathers on the chest are dark brown with green spots. The undersides of the wings are white. Downy young are pale buff and have a dark, earthy-colored spot on the scruff near the eyes. The young males look like females, but their wings are a chestnut color.

The loud pia-ow or the may wonderment are the most well-known calls. Before the monsoon season, they call more often to warn others or to get rid of loud noises that bother them. In the woods, their calls often let hunters like the tiger know that they are nearby.

They also make different kinds of decisions, like a quick ka-aan ka-aan or a quick kok-kok. When they are upset, they often give off an unsteady, low-pitched blare. The Indian peafowl goes through a few small changes. These things don’t happen very often in the wild, but prisoners are used to them because of how they were raised.

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Peacock Female Name

At first, the dark bore, also known as the Japaned transformation, was thought to be a subspecies of the Indian peafowl (P. c. nigripennis) or even a different animal group (P. nigripennis). It was something that Darwin was interested in. It’s just one example of how people can be different because of their genes. In this change, the adult male peacock turns black and gets dark wings.

Birds that have turned into nigripennis are bright white and have full-tipped wings. The trait causes melanism in both the male and the peahen. This means that the markings on the rich white and earthy-colored feathers become less distinct. All of the changes to pied and white are caused by different alleles at different loci, but they happen in different ways.

Peacock Scientific Name

When a male green peafowl (Pavo muticus) and a female Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus) mate, their offspring is known as a “Spalding.”This bird was named after Mrs. Keith Spalding, a California bird lover. When birds from different families are released into the wild, it can cause problems because it is often harder for them to live and reproduce.

The Indian peafowl is a breeder that lives all over the Indian subcontinent, even in Sri Lanka’s drier marshes. On the Indian subcontinent, it is usually found below a rise of 1,800 m (5,900 ft), but it has been seen as high as 2,000 m in rare cases (6,600 ft). It lives in wet and dry deciduous forests, but it can also live in developed areas and near people’s homes. It is usually found where water is available.

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In many parts of northern India, strict rules keep them safe, and they look for food scraps in towns and cities. Some people have said that Alexander the Great should bring the peacock to Europe. Some people say the bird was in Athens by 450 BCE, but others say it may have been there much earlier. Since then, it has spread to many places around the world and, in some places, it has become wild.

The Indian peafowl has been to the United States, Mexico, Honduras, Colombia, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, South Africa, Portugal, Madagascar, Mauritius, Réunion, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, Croatia, and the island of Lokrum.

Hindu and Greek legends praise the bird, and it is the national bird of India. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the Indian peafowl is of Least Concern (Stable), which means it is not endangered.

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