World Landmarks Wildlife

Indian Birds

Birds are a class of warm-blooded vertebrates known as Aves. They share several unique characteristics, including feathers, beaks without teeth, hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a lightweight yet robust skeleton. These features make them a diverse and fascinating group of animals.

Types of Birds

Bird Diversity: Birds inhabit various ecosystems worldwide, from the tiny bee hummingbird, measuring 5.5 cm (2.2 in), to the towering ostrich, which can reach lengths of 2.8 m (9 ft 2 in). There are approximately 10,000 bird species globally, with over half of them belonging to the passerine, or “perching,” group.

Wings and Flight: Birds’ wings are modified forelimbs that enable them to fly. However, not all birds have the ability to fly. For instance, ratites, penguins, and some island species have lost their flight capabilities during evolution. Some bird species have also adapted to excel at swimming.

Kind of Birds

  1. Wings: All birds have wings, but only a small number of them can fly. The different kinds of birds are made so that their arms are bent and their chests are strong.
  2. Quills: Quills are made of keratin, and they are made from things like nails and hair. They are also used to keep us warm, and women use them to attract their mates.
  3. Bird Nose: Birds don’t really have teeth, but the edges of their mouths are sharp. The hard structure at the center of a bird’s body is called the mandibles, which are also called the bills.
  4. Eggs: Birds have babies inside eggs, which can be different colors depending on the species. Birds build nests to protect their eggs, which are mostly made of a calcium shell with a layer of body fluid.
  5. Skeleton: Birds have hollow bones along their edges that are light and help them fly quickly because they are light. Compared to other well-evolved animals, birds have bones that can’t bend.

Birds with Name

Habitats and Range: India, one of the world’s most biodiverse regions, boasts a rich array of ecosystems, including islands. The country can be divided into four biodiversity hotspots, each with its own unique plant and animal life. These include deserts, high mountains, highlands, tropical and temperate forests, wetlands, grasslands, and riverine landscapes.

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India is home to several notable biodiversity hotspots, including the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region, and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These areas are characterized by high levels of endemism, with numerous species found nowhere else.

Birds with Pictures

Conservation and Protection: India recognizes the importance of preserving its rich biodiversity. Approximately 5% of the country’s total land area falls under “protected areas.” Conservation efforts have been ongoing for centuries, with early regulations dating back to the third century BC.

Biodiversity in India: India’s biodiversity is remarkable, with 7.6% of all mammal species, 12.6% of all bird species, 6.2% of all reptile species, 4.4% of amphibians, 11.7% of fish species, and 6.0% of flowering plant species found in the country.

The diversity encompasses land animals, marine life, reptiles, birds, and spineless creatures. India is one of the seventeen most biodiverse countries globally, highlighting its significance in the global conservation context.

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Indian Birds

The diverse birdlife in India includes approximately 1,03,258 species, with 81 of them being exclusive to the country. Notably, 212 bird species are considered endangered worldwide. The Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus) is the national bird of India, symbolizing the nation’s rich avian heritage.

Colorful Birds

India’s remarkable biodiversity encompasses a wide range of ecosystems and species, making it one of the most biodiverse countries globally. Its conservation efforts and unique habitats have contributed to the survival of numerous bird species and other forms of wildlife. Here are some of them:

Explore the various bird species, many of which I’ve photographed over the past decade, that may pique your interest. While these numbers are subject to frequent updates, they warrant a dedicated article of their own.

Please note that this compilation does not encompass species found in Indian ward regions, such as “Dakshin Gangotri,” or those residing exclusively in aquatic environments. Additionally, it excludes ancient bird species and individuals that have escaped captivity.

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Different Types of Birds with Pictures and Names

Hariyal / Yellow footed Green Pigeon R1522

Yellow-footed Green Pigeon

The Yellow-footed Green Pigeon (Treron phoenicopterus), alternatively referred to as the Yellow-legged Green Pigeon, is a striking pigeon species native to certain regions of South Asia. It is among the commonly found species of green pigeons within the Indian subcontinent. In local parlance, it is known as "Hariyal" and holds the honor of being designated as the state bird of Maharashtra. Below is a brief overview of this remarkable bird: Yellow-footed Green Pigeon The Yellow-footed Green Pigeon is known to inhabit a wide variety of wooded environments, including dry and wet deciduous forests, secondary growth areas, scrublands, tree groves in ...
Peacock Bird

Indian Peafowl

The Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus), also called the Common peafowl or Blue Peafowl, is a type of peafowl that lives on the Indian subcontinent. Peacocks birds are the males, while peahens are the females. They are peafowl when they are all together. What is a Peacock A peacock, which is also called a peafowl, is any of three beautiful birds in the Phasianidae family (order Galliformes). The male is called a peacock, and the female is called a peahen. Both of these birds are called peafowl. The bluer, or Indian Peacock (Pavo cristatus), which lives in India and Sri Lanka, ...
Golden Backed Woodpecker, aka Black-rumped Flameback

Black-rumped Flameback Woodpecker

The Black-rumped Flameback (Dinopium benghalense), also known as the Lesser Golden-backed Woodpecker, is a striking and medium-sized woodpecker species found in South Asia and widely distributed in the Indian subcontinent. Here's a detailed overview of its description, habitat, behavior, ecology, and taxonomy: Black-rumped Flameback Description 1. Size: The Black-rumped Flameback measures about 23 to 26 centimeters (approximately 9 to 10 inches) in length, including its tail. 2. Plumage and Features: Juvenile birds have a more subdued appearance with less distinct red or black markings, which develop as they mature. 3. Head: The adult male Black-rumped Flameback has a striking red ...
Great Hornbill Female Indian Bird in Wildlife

Great Hornbill Buceros Bicornis

The Great Hornbill (Buceros bicornis) is one of the most majestic and iconic bird species found in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. This large and impressive bird, also called the concave-casqued hornbill, great Indian hornbill, or great pied hornbill, is one of the largest hornbills. Great Hornbill Distribution It mostly eats fruit, but it will also eat small mammals, reptiles, and birds. It is known to have lived in a zoo for almost 50 years. It is important in many tribal cultures and rituals because of its size and color. Here's an overview of its distribution, habitat, behavior, and ...
Purple Rumped Sunbird R3083

Purple Rumped Sunbird

The purple rumped sunbird, or Leptocoma zeylonica, or Moutusi Bird in Bengali, is a type of sunbird that is only found in the Indian Subcontinent. Like other sunbirds, they are small and mostly eat nectar, but they do sometimes eat insects, especially when they are feeding their young. These Indian birds can fly for short periods, but most of the time they sit on something to sip nectar from flowers. They use spider webs, lichens, and plant parts to make a hanging bag nest. Purple Rumped Sunbird Males are colorful, but females are green on top and yellow to buff ...
Purple Sunbird Male R8256

Purple Sunbird

The purple sunbird (Cinnyris asiaticus) is a small bird that, like other sunbirds, primarily feeds on nectar but will also eat insects, particularly when nourishing its young. They can fly like hummingbirds to get nectar, but most of the time they sit at the bottom of flowers. Males appear black, but under certain lighting conditions, a purple iridescence is visible. Females have an olive-colored top and a yellowish bottom. This small bird has a short beak and a dark, short tail that ends in a square and males and females look very different. Purple Sunbird Purple sunbirds are less than ...
Spot-billed pelican Image

Grey Pelican

Grey pelican, also called the spot-billed pelican (Pelecanus philippensis), is a member of the pelican birds family. It lives and breeds in southern Asia, from the southern part of Iran to the eastern part of Indonesia. It is a bird of big bodies of water, especially large lakes, both inland and on the coast. Even though they are smaller, they are hard to tell apart from other pelicans in the area from a distance. Up close, the spots on the upper mandible, the lack of bright colors, and the greyer feathers make them easy to spot. In some places, these ...
Black Drongo Bird, Dicrurus Macrocercus

Black Drongo

The Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus) is a small passerine bird from Asia that belongs to the Dicruridae family of drongos. It is a common breeder in a lot of tropical southern Asia, from southwest Iran east through India, Sri Lanka, southern China, and Indonesia. It has also been seen in Japan by accident. It is a black bird with a forked tail that makes it stand out. It is 28 cm (11 in) long. It eats insects and can be found all over its range in open farmland and light forest, perching in plain sight on a bare perch or ...
Coppersmith Barbet R1579

Coppersmith Barbet

The coppersmith barbet, whose scientific name is Psilopogon Haemacephalus and other names include "crimson-breasted barbet" and coppersmith, is an Asian barbet with a red forehead and throat. It is known for its rhythmic call, which sounds like a coppersmith hitting metal with a hammer. The Indian subcontinent and some parts of Southeast Asia are home to this bird. It makes its nest by making holes in a tree. Coppersmith Barbet It mostly eats fruit but has been seen eating insects, especially termites with wings. Coppersmith barbet's Bengali name is Basanta Bauri/বসন্ত বাউরি. The coppersmith barbet's head is red, its cheeks ...
Green bee eater bird R4479

Green Bee Eater

The Green bee-eater is now three different kinds of birds. These are the Asian green bee-eater (Merops orientalis), African green bee-eater (Merops viridissimus), and Arabian green bee-eater (Merops cyanophrys). I have only taken photos of one of them, "Merops orientalis". So I will only write about the Asian green bee-eater (Merops orientalis) in this article. Please leave a comment or send me an email if you want to know about the other two bird species. So let's start. বাংলা নাম:- সুঁইচোরা /বাঁশপাতি Green Bee Eater The Asian Green bee-eater (Merops orientalis), formerly called the Green Bee-eater and also called the ...
Kingfisher Bird R1774

Kingfisher Bird

Kingfishers or Alcedinidae are a group of little to medium-sized, brilliantly hued birds in the request Coraciiformes. They have a cosmopolitan appropriation, with most species found in the tropical areas of Africa, Asia, and Oceania. The family contains 114 species and is partitioned into three subfamilies and 19 genera. All kingfishers have enormous heads, long, sharp, pointed bills, short legs, and thickset tails. Most species have dazzling plumage with just little contrasts between the genders. Most species are tropical in circulation, and a slight larger part are found distinctly in woodlands. They burn-through a wide scope of prey for the ...
Asian Openbill

Asian Openbill Stork

Asian openbill stork (Anastomus oscitans) or Asian openbill, is a huge swimming bird in the stork family Ciconiidae. This unmistakable stork is discovered basically in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It is grayish or white with polished dark wings and tail and the grown-ups have a hole between the angled upper mandible and re-bended lower mandible. Youthful birds are brought into the world without this hole which is believed to be a transformation that guides in the treatment of snails, their primary prey. Albeit occupant inside their reach, they make significant distance developments in light of climate and food ...
Bulbul Bird R3070

Red Vented Bulbul

Bulbul bird. Bull bull bird. Bulbul birds. Bulbul. Red vented bulbul. Indian bulbul. Bulbul nesting habits. Red vented bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer) is an individual from the Bulbul group of passerines. It is an occupant raiser across the Indian subcontinent, including Sri Lanka stretching out east to Burma and portions of Tibet. Bulbul has been presented in numerous different regions of the planet and has laid down a good foundation for itself in the wild on a few Pacific islands including Fiji, Samoa, Tonga and Hawaii. It has likewise set up a good foundation for itself in pieces of the United Arab ...
Little Egret 317588

Little Egret

Little egret (Egretta garzetta) is a species of small heron in the Bird family Ardeidae. It is a white bird with a slender black beak, long black legs and, in the western race, yellow feet. As an aquatic bird, it feeds in shallow water and on land, consuming a variety of small creatures. It breeds colonially, often with other species of water birds, making a platform nest of sticks in a tree, bush or reed bed. A clutch of bluish-green eggs is laid and incubated by both parents. The young fledged at about six weeks of age. Little egret breeding ...

Rose ringed Parakeet

Bird with name; Rose ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri), otherwise called the ring-necked parakeet, is a medium-sized parrot in the variety Psittacula, of the family Psittacidae. It has disjunctive local reaches in Africa and the Indian Subcontinent. This parrot species is currently brought into numerous different regions of the planet where wild populaces have secured themselves and are reproduced for the colorful pet exchange. One of only a handful of exceptional parrot species that have effectively adjusted to living in upset living spaces,

This type of birds has withstood the assault of urbanization and deforestation. As a well known pet species, gotten away from birds have colonized various urban areas all throughout the planet, including Northern and Western Europe. These parakeets have likewise substantiated themselves fit for living in an assortment of environments outside their local reach, and can endure low winter temperatures in Northern Europe.

The species is recorded as least worry by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in light of the fact that its populace seems, by all accounts, to be expanding, however its prominence as a pet and disagreeability with ranchers have decreased its numbers in certain pieces of its local reach.

Great Cormorant

Great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) known as the great black cormorant across the Northern Hemisphere, the black cormorant in Australia. The large cormorant in India and the black shag further south in New Zealand, is a widespread member of the cormorant family of seabirds. The great cormorant is a large black bird.

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Indian Pond Heron

Pond Heron Indian or paddy-bird (Ardeola grayii) is a small heron. It is of Old World origins, breeding in southern Iran and east to Pakistan, India, Burma, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. They are widespread and common but can be easily missed when they stalk prey at the edge of small water-bodies or even when they roost close to human habitations.

Black-hooded Oriole

Oriole Black-hooded (Oriolus Xanthornus) is a member of the oriole family of passerine birds and is a resident breeder in tropical southern Asia from India and Sri Lanka east to Indonesia. It is a bird of open woodland and cultivation. The nest is built in a tree, and contains two eggs.

Red-wattled Lapwing bird

Red-wattled Lapwing bird (Vanellus indicus) is a lapwing or large plover, a wader in the family Charadriidae, ground birds that are incapable of perching. Their characteristic loud alarm calls are indicators of human or animal movements and the sounds have been variously rendered to the colloquial name of did-he-do-it bird.

Asian Koel

Asian Koel (Eudynamys Scolopaceus) is a member of the cuckoo order of birds, the Cuculiformes, found in the Indian Subcontinent, China, and Southeast Asia. It forms a super-species with the closely related black-billed and Pacific Koels which are sometimes treated as subspecies. It’s a brood parasite that lays its eggs in the nests of crows and other hosts.

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