Heritage in Africa

Every year, UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee might engrave new locales on the rundown, or de-list destinations that presently not meet the standards. Determination depends on ten rules: six for social legacy (I–vi) and four for normal legacy (vii–x). A few locales, assigned “blended destinations,” address both social and normal legacy.

The Africa area covers the 47 States Parties of the World Heritage Convention in the Sub-Saharan Africa. In accordance with the Global Priority Africa of UNESCO, the Africa unit of the World Heritage Center endeavors to upgrade the limit of the Africa area in the execution of the World Heritage Convention.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Africa

There are numerous properties are engraved on the List in Danger. While attempting to guarantee the protection of every single recorded property, the Africa unit is attempting to foster the Desired condition of preservation for the evacuation (DSOCR) for these properties for their possible expulsions from the List in Danger.

As the Africa locale addresses just 9% of the World Heritage List, the Africa unit is likewise working intimately with accomplices and the African World Heritage Fund (AWHF) to build the quantity of destinations selected on the World Heritage List from the Africa area.

Declared by the 38th meeting of the General Conference of UNESCO (November 2015), African World Heritage Day (5 May) is a chance for individuals all throughout the planet, and especially Africans, to praise the Continent’s novel social and normal legacy.

Okavango Delta, Botswana (2014)

Okavango Delta, in north-west Botswana involves super durable marshlands and occasionally overflowed fields. It is one of the not many significant inside delta frameworks that don’t stream into an ocean or sea, with a wetland framework that is practically unblemished.

One of the exceptional qualities of the site is that the yearly flooding from the River Okavango happens during the dry season, with the outcome that the local plants and creatures have synchronized their organic cycles with these occasional rains and floods.

It is an excellent illustration of the collaboration between climatic, hydrological and organic cycles. The Okavango Delta is home to a portion of the world’s most imperiled types of huge warm blooded animal, like the cheetah, white rhinoceros, dark rhinoceros, African wild canine and lion.

The Okavango Delta World Heritage property is an extraordinary illustration of the intricacy, between reliance and interchange of climatic, geo-morphological, hydrological, and natural cycles.

The nonstop change of geomorphic components like islands, channels, waterway banks, flood fields, oxbow lakes and tidal ponds thus impacts the abiotic and biotic elements of the Delta including dryland prairies and forest environments.

The property embodies various natural cycles identified with flood immersion, channelization, supplement cycling and the related organic cycles of rearing, development, movement, colonization and plant progression. These biological cycles give a logical benchmark to analyze comparative and human-affected frameworks somewhere else and give knowledge into the drawn out development of such wetland frameworks.

  1. Tsodilo (2001)
  2. Okavango Delta (2014)

Kenya Lake System in the Great Rift Valley, Kenya (2011)

The Kenya Lake System in the Great Rift Valley, a characteristic property of extraordinary excellence, includes three between connected somewhat shallow lakes (Lake Bogoria, Lake Nakuru and Lake Elementaita) in the Rift Valley Province of Kenya and covers a complete space of 32,034 hectares.

The property is home to 13 internationally undermined bird species and probably the most elevated bird varieties on the planet. It is the absolute most significant scrounging site for the lesser flamingo anyplace, and a significant settling and favorable place for incredible white pelicans.

The property highlights sizeable warm blooded animal populaces, including dark rhino, Rothschild’s giraffe, more prominent kudu, lion, cheetah and wild canines and is significant for the investigation of environmental cycles critical.

The Kenya Lake System presents an uncommon scope of geographical and organic cycles of outstanding regular excellence, including falls, fountains, natural aquifers, vast waters and swamps, woods and open meadows moved in a moderately little region and set among the scene scenery of the Great Rift Valley.

The massed assemblages of birds on the shores of the lakes including up to 4 million Lesser Flamingos which move between the three lakes is an exceptional untamed life display. The regular setting of each of the three lakes encompassed by the precarious ledge of the Rift Valley and related volcanic elements gives a remarkable encounter of nature.

  1. Fort Jesus, Mombasa (2011)
  2. Lamu Old Town (2001)
  3. Sacred Mijikenda Kaya Forests (2008)
  4. Thimlich Ohinga Archaeological Site (2018)
  5. Kenya Lake System in the Great Rift Valley (2011)
  6. Lake Turkana National Parks (1997,2001)
  7. Mount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest (1997,2013)

Namib Sand Sea, Namibia (2013)

Namib Sand Sea is the main waterfront desert on the planet that incorporates broad hill fields affected by haze. Covering an area of over three million hectares and the site is made out of two ridge frameworks, an old semi-combined one overlain by a more youthful dynamic one.

The desert ridges are framed by the transportation of materials great many kilometers from the hinterland, that are conveyed by stream, sea momentum and wind. It highlights rock fields, waterfront pads, rough slopes, inselbergs inside the sand ocean, a beach front tidal pond and fleeting streams, bringing about a scene of outstanding magnificence.

Mist is the essential wellspring of water in the site, representing a remarkable climate where endemic spineless creatures, reptiles and warm blooded animals adjust to a steadily changing assortment of miniature environments and natural specialties.

Namib Desert, addresses a remarkable instance of progressing topographical cycles including the development of the world’s just broad rise framework in a waterfront haze desert through transport of material more than huge number of kilometers by stream, sea momentum and wind.

Albeit the selected region incorporates just the Aeolian components of this continuous topographical cycle different components of the ‘transport framework’ are guaranteed. The variety of the steadily changing ridge developments, etched by articulated every day and occasional shifts in predominant breeze bearings is additionally remarkable at a worldwide scale inside such a somewhat little region.

  1. Twyfelfontein or /Ui-//aes (2007)
  2. Namib Sand Sea (2013)

Aldabra Atoll, Seychelles (1982)

  1. Aldabra Atoll (1982)
  2. Vallée de Mai Nature Reserve (1983)

Serengeti National Park, Tanzania (1981)

Mara, Arusha, and Shinyanga Provinces

Kilimanjaro National Park, United Republic of Tanzania (1987)

  1. Kondoa Rock-Art Sites (2006)
  2. Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara (1981)
  3. Stone Town of Zanzibar (2000)
  4. Kilimanjaro National Park (1987)
  5. Selous Game Reserve (1982)
  6. Serengeti National Park (1981)
  7. Ngorongoro Conservation Area (1979,2010)

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda (1994)

Districts of Kabale, Kisoro and Rukungiri

  1. Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi (2001)
  2. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park (1994)
  3. Rwenzori Mountains National Park (1994)

Cape Floral Region Protected Areas, South Africa (2004, 2015)

  1. Fossil Hominid Sites of South Africa (1999,2005)
  2. Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape (2003)
  3. Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape (2007)
  4. Robben Island (1999)
  5. ǂKhomani Cultural Landscape (2017)
  6. Barberton Makhonjwa Mountains (2018)
  7. Cape Floral Region Protected Areas (2004,2015)
  8. iSimangaliso Wetland Park (1999)
  9. Vredefort Dome (2005)
  10. Maloti-Drakensberg Park (2000,2013)

Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls, Zambia/Zimbabwe (1989)

Livingstone District of Southern Province of the Republic of Zambia and Hwange District of Matabeleland North Province of Zimbabwe

  1. Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls (1989)

Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas, Zimbabwe (1984)

Urungwe District, Mashonaland North region

  1. Great Zimbabwe National Monument (1986)
  2. Khami Ruins National Monument (1986)
  3. Matobo Hills (2003)
  4. Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas (1984)
  5. Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls (1989)

Asante Traditional Buildings, Ghana (1980)

  1. Asante Traditional Buildings (1980)
  2. Forts and Castles, Volta, Greater Accra, Central and Western Regions (1979)

Archaeological Sites of the Island of Meroe, Sudan (2011)

  1. Archaeological Sites of the Island of Meroe (2011)
  2. Gebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan Region (2003)
  3. Sanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay – Mukkawar Island Marine National Park (2016)

Archaeological Site of Carthage, Tunisia (1979)

  1. Amphitheatre of El Jem (1979)
  2. Archaeological Site of Carthage (1979)
  3. Dougga / Thugga (1997)
  4. Kairouan (1988)
  5. Medina of Sousse (1988)
  6. Medina of Tunis (1979)
  7. Punic Town of Kerkuane and its Necropolis (1985,1986)
  8. Ichkeul National Park (1980)

Ruins of Loropéni, Burkina Faso (2009)

  1. Ancient Ferrous Metallurgy Sites of Burkina Faso (2019)
  2. Ruins of Loropéni (2009)
  3. W-Arly-Pendjari Complex (1996,2017)

Al Qal’a of Beni Hammad, Algeria (1980)

Commune of Maadid “Bechara”, Wilaya (province) of M’Sila

  1. Al Qal’a of Beni Hammad (1980)
  2. Djémila (1982)
  3. Kasbah of Algiers (1992)
  4. M’Zab Valley (1982)
  5. Timgad (1982)
  6. Tipasa (1982)
  7. Tassili n’Ajjer (1982)

Aksum, Ethiopia (1980)

Tigrai Region

  1. Aksum (1980)
  2. Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar Region (1979)
  3. Harar Jugol, the Fortified Historic Town (2006)
  4. Konso Cultural Landscape (2011)
  5. Lower Valley of the Awash (1980)
  6. Lower Valley of the Omo (1980)
  7. Rock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela (1978)
  8. Tiya (1980)
  9. Simien National Park (1978)

Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves, Niger (1991)

Départment d’Agades, arrondissement d’Arlit

  1. Historic Centre of Agadez (2013)
  2. Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves (1991)
  3. W-Arly-Pendjari Complex (1996,2017)

Aapravasi Ghat, Mauritius (2006)

Port Louis District

  1. Aapravasi Ghat (2006)
  2. Le Morne Cultural Landscape (2008)


  1. Royal Palaces of Abomey (1985)
  2. W-Arly-Pendjari Complex (1996,2017)
Amitava Ray
Amitava Ray

I'm a photographer (1979), a blogger (2006), and a reference article's author on Wikipedia, enhancing your next assignment with illustrated knowledge before moving on.

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