Perito Moreno Glacier

Perito Moreno Glacier, located in Los Glaciares National Park in southwest Santa Cruz Province, Argentina, and was a UNESCO World Heritage Site from 1981 onwards. One of the most beautiful sites in Argentine Patagonia is the massive Perito Moreno glacier.

The Perito Moreno glacier is one of the most massive of Patagonia’s Southern Ice Field’s 48 glaciers. To get you ready for your journey, let me tell you all about the incredible Perito Moreno glacier.

Los Glaciares National Park

Los Glaciares National Park, or Parque Nacional Los Glaciares in Spanish, is a national park in Argentina’s Santa Cruz Province.

It’s in the Andes, near the Chilean border, and surrounds the western expansions of Lakes Argentino and Viedma.

The park was founded in 1937 and covers 1,722 square miles (4,459 square kilometers). Forests and grassy plains in the east and needle-like peaks, lakes, massive glaciers, and snowfields in the west make up the park’s two separate areas.

Mount Fitzroy (11,073 feet [3,375 meters]) is the park’s highest point. Guanacos, chinchillas, pudu, guemal (two kinds of tiny deer), condors, and rheas are among the wildlife.

Perito Moreno Glacier Facts

It takes its name from a massive ice cap in the Andes mountain range that feeds 48 enormous glaciers, just 13 of which flow into the Atlantic Ocean.

Outside of Antarctica and Greenland, it is part of the world’s third biggest glacial continent. Glaciers start at least 2,500 meters above sea level in various locations around the world.

The glaciers of Los Glaciares begin at 1,500 meters (4,900 feet) and descend to 200 meters (660 feet) below AMSL due to the extent of the ice cover, eroding the surface of the mountains that sustain them.

The site was defined as “a region of remarkable natural beauty, with craggy, towering mountains and numerous glacial lakes.” In the UNESCO citation.

The park offers a decent representation of Patagonian cold woods, as well as an astonishing assortment of fauna, and is especially well recognized for its diverse bird population.

There is no Perito Moreno in Perito Moreno

One of the Perito Moreno glacier facts to remember while arranging your visit is that the Perito Moreno glacier and Perito Moreno town are two separate entities.

To keep you guessing, the Perito Moreno glacier isn’t really in Perito Moreno. The glacier that bears the same name is located 600 kilometers north of the national park.

The small village of El Calafate is the closest settlement. It’s located around 78 kilometers west of the Perito Moreno glacier.

But why is it called “Perito Moreno” if it isn’t in Perito Moreno?

In honor of Argentinian explorer Francisco Moreno, the Perito Moreno glacier was named. In the nineteenth century, he was a key figure in the boundary dispute between Argentina and Chile. Furthermore, the term “perito” relates to his nickname, which is a Spanish slang term meaning “expert.”

Perito Moreno is enormous in stature

The sheer size of the Perito Moreno glacier is perhaps the most fascinating of our Perito Moreno glacier facts.

The glacier is 3 miles wide and rises 78 meters above the lake, Lago Argentino, with its deepest point spanning around 700 meters. It covers 100 square miles and is 3 miles wide.

The water at Perito Moreno Glacier is pure

The Perito Moreno glacier is the world’s third greatest freshwater reserve, trailing only the Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets in size.

It’s out of date

The Perito Moreno glacier began to grow roughly 2.6 million years ago and ceased around 11,700 years ago during the latest Ice Age. The Perito Moreno glacier is estimated to be 18,000 years old by scientists.

Perito Moreno glaciares is expanding

As a result of global warming, most glaciers are receding. Melting polar ice caps and glacial retreat in the Himalayas, Alps, and other portions of the Patagonian Ice Field pose a major threat to our environment as a result. The Perito Moreno glacier, on the other hand, is progressing at a rate of about 2 meters every day.

Cataclysmic ruptures occur every five years

The rising glacier will reach the shores of the Lago Argentino every five years or so. As a result, the glacier clogs the southern section of the lake, forming the Brazo Rico, a distinct body of water.

Brazo Rico, on the other hand, generates huge pressure against the ice wall as the water level increases. The ice eventually breaks and large pieces of ice fall into the lake. On January 19, 2013, there was a massive rupture.

However, you can see some minor disruptions for yourself

Although you probably wouldn’t want to be present for a huge rupture, you can view the magnificent sight on a lesser scale every half hour or so.

The best time to observe a mini-rupture is in the afternoon, when tourists may safely stand on the observation platform and watch shards of ice cascade into Lago Argentino.

Perito Moreno is also suitable for trekking

Two forms of glacier trekking are offered by several trip providers. The first is a one-and-a-half-hour-and-a-half-hour mini-trek.

The second option is the whole experience, which includes a five-hour glacier trek with guides. As a result, there is a glacier hike for everyone, depending on their money and fitness.

Los Glaciares National Park Argentina also simple to get to

The bus ride from El Calafate to the glacier takes approximately an hour and a half and costs 560 pesos round fare.

To purchase a ticket, simply go to the bus terminal, where you will find a variety of different operators offering uniform pricing. It also costs 500 pesos to enter the park, but it’s well worth it given the vistas.
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