Category South America

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Itamaraty Palace is located in Brasilia, Brazil
Facts about Brasilia Plan: Brasilia is the city of Brazil and the Federal District. It became a capital in 1960 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.

Easter Island, aka Rapa Nui

Rapa Nui National Park, Easter Island Chile
Easter Island, also known as Rapa Nui or Isla de Pascua in Spanish, is a Chilean territory located in the remote eastern Pacific Ocean, roughly 2,300 miles west of the Chilean coast and 2,500 miles east of Tahiti. Covering approximately 64 square miles, Easter Island is renowned for its extraordinary stone statues, known as Moai, numbering nearly 900, which were crafted by skilled artisans and engineers. These enigmatic sculptures remain unique in the realm of Polynesian culture. The purpose of these colossal figures and the techniques used to create and transport them continue to be subjects of speculation. This isolated island, the easternmost point of Polynesia, boasts a landscape adorned with these massive stone statues and other archaeological wonders. Easter Island’s history is marked by ecological challenges, including deforestation and resource depletion, which, according to some research, contributed to the decline of the ancient Rapa Nui civilization.

Perito Moreno Glacier

Perito Moreno Glacier of Los Glaciares National Park
Perito Moreno Glacier is in Los Glaciares National Park, situated in the southwest of Argentina's Santa Cruz Province, and has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1981. This park is renowned for its natural wonder, the Perito Moreno Glacier, which is among the most captivating attractions in Argentine Patagonia. As one of the 48 glaciers within the Southern Ice Field of Patagonia, the Perito Moreno Glacier ranks among the largest. The sheer size of the Perito Moreno Glacier is awe-inspiring. This glacier spans 3 miles in width and is approximately 700 meters deep at its deepest point, covering an area of 100 square miles. It ranks as the third-largest freshwater source globally, after the Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets. The glacier has been forming for around 18,000 years, with its growth defying the global trend of glacier retreat associated with climate change.

Machu Picchu Peru

Machu Picchu Peru: UNESCO site and South American landmarks
Machu Picchu was abandoned by the Inca civilization during the Spanish conquest in the 16th century and was largely forgotten. It is an ancient Inca citadel located in the Andes Mountains of Peru. It is one of the most famous and well-preserved archaeological sites in the world, and it is often referred to as the “Lost City of the Incas.” The site is known for its remarkable Inca stone construction, with precisely cut and fitted stones that fit together without the use of mortar. The architecture includes temples, terraces, plazas, and residential buildings. The mystery surrounding the site’s abandonment remains, although a lack of water is one possible explanation. Today, the layout of Machu Picchu impresses visitors, featuring terraced farms, aqueduct systems, plazas, living areas, terraces, a cemetery, and the main buildings, all interconnected by stone walkways. Here are some key facts and information about Machu Picchu: