According to Article 12 of the Constitution of the Italian Republic, the national flag of Italy is a tricolor with three equally large vertical pales of green, white, and red, the national colors of Italy, with the green on the hoist side. In 1870, Italy was fully unified. The ruling family of Savoy was represented by a shield and cross (and, when used for official purposes, a royal crown) on its green-white-red tricolor at the time. Following a referendum that dissolved the monarchy and established the Italian Republic, the emblems were removed from the tricolor on June 19, 1946. Image by David Rock from Pixabay.